Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments and Contingencies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Commitments And Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies



The Company enters into operating leases primarily for real estate, office equipment, and fleet vehicles. Lease terms generally range from one to five years, and often include options to renew for one year.  The Company leases its 57,000 square foot corporate headquarters and manufacturing facility located at 4 Cromwell, Irvine, California, which expires on June 30, 2020.  The Company entered into a new lease agreement in February 2020, the details of this lease are discussed in Note 11 to these financial statements. Future minimum rental commitments under existing operating lease agreements with non-cancelable terms greater than one year for the years ending December 31 are listed below. The Company also leases additional office space and certain office equipment under various operating lease arrangements.

On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Topic 842, using the modified-retrospective approach as discussed in Note 2, and as a result recognized a right-of-use asset of approximately $0.8 million as adjusted for deferred rent at the date of adoption of $0.2 million, and a lease liability of approximately $1.0 million. No cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings was required upon adoption of Topic 842. Right-of-use assets are recorded in Other assets and lease liabilities are included in Accrued liabilities or Other liabilities depending on whether they are current or noncurrent. Because the rate implicit in each lease is not readily determinable, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”) to determine the present value of the lease payments and on the date of adoption, the Company determined its IBR to be 12.78%. This rate was based on the Company’s financing of the SWK Loan which is a collateralized loan, and was based on prevailing market rates during the fourth quarter of 2018.

Information related to the Company’s right-of-use assets and related liabilities were as follows (in thousands):




Year Ended




December 31, 2019


Cash paid for operating lease liabilities





Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease obligations





Weighted-average remaining lease term





Weighted-average discount rate








Lease expense consists of payments for real property, office copiers, and IT equipment.  The Company recognizes payments for non-lease components such as common area maintenance in the period incurred. In 2019, the Company paid approximately $0.8 million in lease payments.  The weighted-average remaining lease term under existing leases is less than one year.  As of December 31, 2019 the Company had no leases that had not commenced.  In the first quarter of 2020, the Company signed two leases for new office space.  For additional information, see Note 11 to these consolidated financial statements.


Future minimum rental commitments under lease agreements, as of December 31, 2019, with non-cancelable terms greater than one year for each of the years ending December 31 are as follows (in thousands):


Due in 12 month period ended December 31, 2019





























Less imputed interest





Total lease liabilities










Current operating lease liabilities





Non-current lease liabilities





Total lease liabilities






Future minimum rental commitments under lease agreements, as of December 31, 2018, with non-cancelable terms greater than one year for each of the years ending December 31 are as follows (in thousands):









Year Ended




December 31, 2018

















2022 and thereafter




  Total future minimum lease obligations







Rent expense totaled approximately $0.8 million, $0.8 million and $1.0 million in each of the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively.

Employee Arrangements and Other Compensation

Certain members of management are entitled to severance benefits payable upon termination following a change in control, which would approximate $3.0 million and $3.0 million at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company also has agreements with certain employees to pay bonuses based on targeted performance criteria. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, approximately $0.2 million and $0.3 million was accrued for performance bonuses, which is included in accrued liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.  See Note 8 for additional information relating to specific stock-based compensation awards.

Purchase Commitments

The Company generally purchases components and subassemblies for its products from a limited group of third-party suppliers through purchase orders. The Company had $9.8 million of purchase commitments as of December 31, 2019, for which the Company has not received the goods or services and which is expected to be purchased primarily within one year. These purchase commitments were made to secure better pricing and to ensure the Company will have the necessary parts to meet anticipated near term demand. Although open purchase orders are considered enforceable and legally binding, the Company may be able to cancel, reschedule, or adjust requirements prior to supplier fulfillment.


The Company discloses material loss contingencies deemed to be reasonably possible and accrues for loss contingencies when, in consultation with its legal advisors, management concludes that a loss is probable and reasonably estimable. The ability to predict the ultimate outcome of such matters involves judgments, estimates, and inherent uncertainties. The actual outcome of such matters could differ materially from management’s estimates.

Intellectual Property Litigation

On April 24, 2012, CAO Group, Inc. (“CAO”) filed a lawsuit against BIOLASE in the District of Utah alleging that BIOLASE’s ezlase dental laser infringes on U.S. Patent No. 7,485,116 (the “116 Patent”). On September 9, 2012, CAO amended its complaint, adding claims for (1) business disparagement/injurious falsehood under common law and (2) unfair competition under 15 U.S.C. Section 1125(a). The additional claims stem from a press release that BIOLASE issued on April 30, 2012, which CAO claims contained false statements that are disparaging to CAO and its diode product. The amended complaint sought injunctive relief, treble damages, attorneys’ fees, punitive damages, and interest. Until January 24, 2018, this lawsuit was stayed in connection with United States Patent and Trademark Office proceedings relating to the 116 Patent, which proceedings ultimately culminated in a January 27, 2017 decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, affirming the findings of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board, which were generally favorable to the Company. On January 25, 2018, CAO moved for leave to file a second amended complaint to add certain claims, which filing the Company is not opposing.

On January 23, 2018, CAO filed a lawsuit against BIOLASE in the Central District of California alleging that BIOLASE’s diode lasers infringe on U.S. Patent Nos. 8,337,097, 8,834,497, 8,961,040 and 8,967,883. The complaint seeks injunctive relief, treble damages, attorneys’ fees, punitive damages, and interest.

On January 25, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), BIOLASE entered into a settlement agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with CAO. Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, CAO agreed to dismiss with prejudice the lawsuits filed by CAO against the Company in April 2012 and January 2018. In addition, CAO granted to the Company and its affiliates a non-exclusive, non-transferable (except as provided in the Settlement Agreement), royalty-free, fully-paid, worldwide license to the licensed patents for use in the licensed products and agreed not to sue the Company, its affiliates or any of its manufacturers, distributors, suppliers or customers for use of the licensed patents in the licensed products, and the parties agreed to a mutual release of claims. The Company has agreed (i) to pay to CAO, within five days of the Effective Date, $500,000 in cash, (ii) to issue to CAO, within 30 days of the Effective Date, 500,000 restricted shares of common stock of the Company (the “Stock Consideration”), and (iii) to pay to CAO, within 30 days of December 31, 2021, an amount in cash equal to the difference (if positive) between $1,000,000 and the value of the Stock Consideration on December 31, 2021. The Stock Consideration vests and becomes transferrable on December 31, 2021, subject to the terms of a restricted stock agreement to be entered into between the parties. The Company considered this a Type I subsequent event and recognized a $1.5 million contingent loss on patent litigation settlement in its statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2018. In January 2019, the Company paid CAO $500,000 in cash. On January 31, 2019, the case was dismissed with prejudice. As of December 31, 2019, the Company did not record any gain or loss on patent litigation which represents the change in fair value of the restricted stock to be issued to CAO. As of December 31, 2019, the total accrued liability is $1.0 million and is included in other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet.