Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation


The Company

BIOLASE, Inc. (“BIOLASE” and, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”) is a leading provider of advanced laser systems for the dental industry. The Company develops, manufactures, markets, and sells laser systems that provide significant benefits for dental practitioners and their patients. The Company’s proprietary systems allow dentists, periodontists, endodontists, pediatric dentists, oral surgeons, and other dental specialists to perform a broad range of minimally invasive dental procedures, including cosmetic, restorative, and complex surgical applications. The Company’s laser systems are designed to provide clinically superior results for many types of dental procedures compared to those achieved with drills, scalpels, and other conventional instruments. Potential patient benefits include less pain, fewer shots, faster healing, decreased fear and anxiety, and fewer appointments. Potential practitioner benefits include improved patient care and the ability to perform a higher volume and wider variety of procedures and generate more patient referrals.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Significant estimates in these consolidated financial statements include allowances on accounts receivable, inventory, and deferred taxes, as well as estimates for accrued warranty expenses, goodwill and the ability of goodwill to be realized, revenue deferrals, effects of stock-based compensation and warrants, contingent liabilities, and the provision or benefit for income taxes. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may differ materially from those estimates.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the principal market (or, if none exists, the most advantageous market) for the specific asset or liability at the measurement date (referred to as the “exit price”). The fair value is based on assumptions that market participants would use, including a consideration of non-performance risk. Under the accounting guidance for fair value hierarchy, there are three levels of measurement inputs. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable due to little or no corroborating market data.

The Company’s financial instruments, consisting of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and the SWK Loan (as defined below) as discussed in Note 6, approximate fair value because of the nature of these items.

Concentration of Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk and Foreign Currency Exchange Rate

Financial instruments which potentially expose the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and trade accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash with established commercial banks. At times, balances may exceed federally insured limits. To minimize the risk associated with trade accounts receivable, management performs ongoing credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and maintains relationships with the Company’s customers that allow management to monitor current changes in business operations so the Company can respond as needed. The Company does not, generally, require customers to provide collateral before it sells them its products. However, the Company has required certain distributors to make prepayments for significant purchases of products.

Substantially all of the Company’s revenue is denominated in U.S. dollars, including sales to international distributors. Only a small portion of its revenue and expenses is denominated in foreign currencies, principally the Euro and Indian Rupee. The Company’s foreign currency expenditures primarily consist of the cost of maintaining offices, consulting services, and employee-related costs. During the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, the Company did not enter into any hedging contracts. Future fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar may affect the price competitiveness of the Company’s products outside the U.S.

Liquidity and Management’s Plans

The Company has reported losses from operations of $18.5 million, $15.6 million, and $20.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively, and has not generated positive net cash from operations for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018.

As of December 31, 2020, the Company had working capital of approximately $23.9 million. The Company’s principal sources of liquidity as of December 31, 2020 consisted of approximately $17.9 million in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and $3.1 million of net accounts receivable. The increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash was primarily due to the net proceeds from the registered direct private placement and the rights offering consummated during the year ended December 31, 2020. Additionally, the Company received proceeds of $14.4 million from its issuance of common stock and $15.0 million from warrants exercised subsequent to December 31, 2020. See Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information on these common stock issuances and warrant exercises. 

In order for the Company to continue operations beyond the next 12 months and be able to discharge its liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business, the Company must increase sales of its products, control or potentially reduce expenses and establish profitable operations in order to generate cash from operations or obtain additional funds when needed.

Although the Company received gross proceeds of approximately $24.0 million from equity offerings in the second and third quarters of 2020 and gross proceeds of approximately $14.4 million from an equity offering in February 2021, and $15.0 million for warrant exercises subsequent to December 31, 2020, the Company may still have to raise additional capital in the future. Additional capital requirements may depend on many factors, including, among other things, the rate at which the Company’s business grows, the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions taken to contain it, demands for working capital, manufacturing capacity, and any acquisitions that the Company may pursue. From time to time, the Company could be required, or may otherwise attempt, to raise capital through either equity or debt offerings. The Company cannot provide assurance that it will be able to successfully enter into any such equity or debt financings in the future or that the required capital would be available on acceptable terms, if at all, or that any such financing activity would not be dilutive to its’ stockholders.

COVID-19 Risk and Uncertainties and CARES Act

The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted global economic activity, and many countries and many states in the United States have reacted to the outbreak by instituting quarantines, mandating business and school closures and restricting travel. These mandated business closures included dental office closures worldwide for all but emergency procedures, for the most part. The ability of the Company’s salespeople to call on dental customers during these closures was greatly limited. In addition, most dental shows and workshops scheduled in 2020 were canceled. As a result of reduced sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken to contain it, cash generated from the Company’s operations during 2020 were less than anticipated. Moreover, there is no assurance that sales will return to normal levels during 2021 or at any time thereafter.

On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the CARES Act. The CARES Act, among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax credit refunds, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations, increased limitations on qualified charitable contributions, and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property.

As of the date of issuance of these financial statements, the Company has not yet determined any future impact that the CARES Act will have on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity.