Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation


The Company

BIOLASE, Inc. (“BIOLASE” and, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”) is a leading provider of advanced laser systems for the dental industry. The Company develops, manufactures, markets, and sells laser systems that provide significant benefits for dental practitioners and their patients. The Company’s proprietary systems allow dentists, periodontists, endodontists, pediatric dentists, oral surgeons, and other dental specialists to perform a broad range of minimally invasive dental procedures, including cosmetic, restorative, and complex surgical applications. The Company’s laser systems are designed to provide clinically superior results for many types of dental procedures compared to those achieved with drills, scalpels, and other conventional instruments. Potential patient benefits include less pain, fewer shots, faster healing, decreased fear and anxiety, and fewer appointments. Potential practitioner benefits include improved patient care and the ability to perform a higher volume and wider variety of procedures and generate more patient referrals.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Significant estimates in these consolidated financial statements include allowances on accounts receivable, inventory, and deferred taxes, as well as estimates for accrued warranty expenses, goodwill and the ability of goodwill to be realized, revenue deferrals, effects of stock-based compensation and warrants, contingent liabilities, and the provision or benefit for income taxes. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may differ materially from those estimates.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the principal market (or, if none exists, the most advantageous market) for the specific asset or liability at the measurement date (referred to as the “exit price”). The fair value is based on assumptions that market participants would use, including a consideration of non-performance risk. Under the accounting guidance for fair value hierarchy, there are three levels of measurement inputs. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable due to little or no corroborating market data.

The Company’s financial instruments, consisting of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and the SWK Loan (as defined below) as discussed in Note 6 – Debt – Term Loan, approximate fair value because of the relative short maturity of these items and the market interest rates the Company could currently obtain.

Concentration of Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk and Foreign Currency Exchange Rate

Financial instruments which potentially expose the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and trade accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash with established commercial banks. At times, balances may exceed federally insured limits. To minimize the risk associated with trade accounts receivable, management performs ongoing credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and maintains relationships with the Company’s customers that allow management to monitor current changes in business operations so the Company can respond as needed. The Company does not, generally, require customers to provide collateral before it sells them its products. However, the Company has required certain distributors to make prepayments for significant purchases of products.

Substantially all of the Company’s revenue is denominated in U.S. dollars, including sales to international distributors. Only a small portion of its revenue and expenses is denominated in foreign currencies, principally the Euro and Indian Rupee. The Company’s foreign currency expenditures primarily consist of the cost of maintaining offices, consulting services, and employee-related costs. During the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020, the Company did not enter into any hedging contracts. Future fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar may affect the price competitiveness of the Company’s products outside the U.S.

Liquidity and Management’s Plans

The Company has reported losses from operations of $25.3 million, $16.4 million, and $18.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020, respectively, and has not generated positive net cash from operations for the same periods.

As of December 31, 2022, the Company had working capital of approximately $11.2 million. The Company’s principal sources of liquidity consisted of approximately $4.2 million in cash and cash equivalents and $5.8 million of net accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2021, the Company had working capital of approximately $35.5 million, $30.0 million in cash and cash equivalents and $4.2 million of net accounts receivable. The decrease in cash and cash equivalents was primarily due to cash used in operating activities of $26.8 million, $3.7 million cash used in investing activities, and $1.0 million payment on the SWK Loan, partially offset by $5.6 million net proceeds from the June 2022 direct offering and private placement. See Note 8 – Redeemable Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity for additional information on these common stock issuances and warrant exercises.

The Company’s recurring losses, level of cash used in operations, potential need for additional capital, and the uncertainties surrounding our ability to raise additional capital, raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

In order for the Company to continue operations beyond the next 12 months and be able to discharge its liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business, the Company must increase sales of its products, control or potentially reduce expenses and establish profitable operations in order to generate cash from operations or obtain additional funds when needed.

Although the Company received net proceeds of approximately $5.6 million from common stock issuance in June 2022, the Company may still have to raise additional capital in the future. Additional capital requirements may depend on many factors, including, among other things, the rate at which the Company’s business grows, the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions taken to contain it, demands for working capital, manufacturing capacity, and any acquisitions that the Company may pursue. From time to time, the Company could be required, or may otherwise attempt, to raise capital through either equity or debt offerings. The Company cannot provide assurance that it will be able to successfully enter into any such equity or debt financings in the future or that the required capital would be available on acceptable terms, if at all, or that any such financing activity would not be dilutive to its’ stockholders.

COVID-19 Risk and Uncertainties

The COVID-19 pandemic severely impacted global economic activity, and many countries and many states in the United States reacted to the outbreak by instituting quarantines, mandating business and school closures and restricting travel. These mandated business closures included dental office closures worldwide for all but emergency procedures. As these quarantines and restrictions began to be lifted in 2021, the Company's sales began to return to pre-pandemic levels. However, there are still uncertainties regarding the ongoing and future effects of COVID-19, and there is no assurance that the Company's sales will not be further impacted in 2023 or at any time thereafter.

Reverse Stock Split

At the 2022 annual meeting of BIOLASE stockholders (the "2022 Annual Meeting"), BIOLASE stockholders approved an amendment to BIOLASE’s Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (the "Certificate of Incorporation"), to effect a reverse stock split of BIOLASE common stock, at a ratio ranging from one-for-two (1:2) to one-for-twenty-five (1:25), with the final ratio to be determined by the Board. Immediately after the 2022 Annual Meeting, the Board approved a one-for-twenty-five (1:25) reverse stock split of the outstanding shares of BIOLASE common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). On April 28, 2022, BIOLASE filed an amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect the Reverse Stock Split, which became effective on April 28, 2022. The amendment did not change the number of authorized shares of BIOLASE common stock. Except as the context otherwise requires, all common stock share numbers, share price amounts (including exercise prices, conversion prices, and closing market prices), and the common stock quantities issuable upon the exercise of warrants issued prior to April 28, 2022 contained in the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto reflect the one-for-twenty-five (1:25) reverse stock split

Membership Interest Purchase Agreement

On September 22, 2022, the Company entered into a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") with Med-Fiber LLC ("Med-Fiber") and Alexei Tchapyjnikov, pursuant to which the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding membership interests of Med-Fiber on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement, for a purchase price equal to $1,320,000, plus, subject to the satisfaction of certain milestones, additional earn-out consideration in an aggregate amount of up to $880,000. Med-Fiber was engaged in the business of manufacturing and supplying infrared transmitting fiber optics for laser power delivery applications and activities related thereto. The purchase was accounted for as an asset acquisition as substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a group of similar assets. The $2,220,000 is included as a component of property, plant, and equipment in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022.

Cyber Incident

In December 2021, the Company experienced a cybersecurity attack that caused a brief network disruption and impacted certain systems. Upon detection, the Company took immediate steps to address the incident, engaged third-party experts, and notified law enforcement. The Company has taken actions to strengthen its existing systems and implement additional prevention measures. This incident is expected to be immaterial both financially and operationally to the Company. The Company will continue to monitor and assess as needed. All liabilities were fully insured, and as of December 31, 2022 the Company recorded an accrued liability and an insurance receivable within prepaid expenses and other current assets of $0.4 million. In March 2022 the Company received the cash reimbursement from our insurance provider.