|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
The following table presents the details of the principal outstanding and unamortized discount (in thousands):
The Company recognized approximately $0.6 million in interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The weighted-average interest rate as of March 31, 2021 was 12.25%.
The future minimum principal and interest payments as of March 31, 2021 are as follows (in thousands):
Lines of Credit
Pacific Mercantile Bank
On October 28, 2019, the Company entered into a loan and security agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Pacific Mercantile Bank, as lender (“PMB”), which provides for a revolving line of credit (the “PMB Loan”) in a maximum principal amount not to exceed the lesser of (i) $3 million or (ii) the sum of 90% of the Eligible Accounts (as defined in the Loan Agreement) plus 75% of the Eligible Inventory (as defined in the Loan Agreement, and subject to certain limitations set forth therein); provided that the maximum principal amount of the PMB Loan may be reduced from time to time in PMB’s good faith business judgment as set forth in the Loan Agreement. Borrowings under the PMB Loan may be used for working capital. The PMB Loan matures on October 28, 2021, unless earlier terminated.
The Company’s obligations under the PMB Loan are secured by a security interest in substantially all of the Company’s property. No borrowings may be made under the PMB Loan Agreement unless and until Exim Bank agrees to guarantee the PMB Loan and the Company has entered into a borrower agreement with Exim Bank.
Borrowings under the PMB Loan bear interest at a daily rate equal to the prime rate published in the Wall Street Journal, plus 1.5% per annum; provided, that the interest rate in effect on any day shall not be less than 6.0% per annum. Additionally, the Company is required to pay an initial and annual fee of $52,500 to Exim Bank.
The PMB Loan Agreement requires the Company to maintain unrestricted cash at PMB plus unused availability under the PMB Loan in an amount equal to at least the Burn Rate. “Burn Rate” means the Company’s net profit/net loss plus depreciation plus amortization plus stock-based compensation, measured on a trailing three-month basis. In addition, the PMB Loan Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for financings of its type (subject to customary exceptions).
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had no borrowings outstanding and unused availability under the PMB Loan of approximately $2.2 million and $2.3 million, respectively.
On November 9, 2018, the Company entered into a five-year secured Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with SWK Funding LLC (“SWK”), pursuant to which the Company has borrowed $14.3 million (“SWK Loan”) as of March 31, 2021. The Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement and subsequent amendments as discussed in the Company’s 2020 Form 10-K, repayment of the SWK Loan is interest-only through the second quarter of 2022, paid quarterly with the option to extend the interest-only period. Principal repayments begin in the second quarter of 2022 and will be approximately $0.7 million quarterly until the SWK Loan matures in the second quarter of 2024. The loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 10% or another index that approximates LIBOR as close as possible if and when LIBOR no longer exists.
In light of the Company's increase in working capital from the Equity Offering and cash received from warrants exercised, the Company entered into the Seventh Amendment to the Credit Agreement (the “Seventh Amendment”) with SWK on February 24, 2021, which provides for adjusted minimum aggregate revenue and EBITDA requirements at the end of certain periods, to the extent that our liquid assets are less than $15 million. While the Company's liquid assets are at or above $15 million, no additional financial maintenance covenants are applicable.
For the Seventh Amendment, the Company paid an incremental amendment fee of $25,000, which is being amortized over the remaining life of the loan as of the date of the amendment.
As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with debt covenants of the Credit Agreement.
Paycheck Protection Program Loan
On April 14, 2020, the Company was granted a loan (the “PPP Loan”) under the Paycheck Protection Program from PMB in the aggregate amount of $2,980,000, pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program under the CARES Act.
The PPP Loan, which was in the form of a note dated April 13, 2020 issued by BIOLASE, matures on April 13, 2022 and bears interest at a rate of 1.0% per annum. Interest is payable monthly commencing on November 1, 2020. The note may be prepaid at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties. Funds from the PPP Loan may only be used for payroll costs, costs used to continue group health care benefits, mortgage payments, rent, utilities, and interest on other debt obligations incurred before February 15, 2020. The Company recorded the principal amount of approximately $3.0 million due on the PPP Loan in non current term loans in the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Interest on the PPP Loan was not material. The Company believes it used the entire PPP Loan amount for qualifying expenses. Under the terms of the PPP, certain amounts of the PPP Loan may be forgiven if they are used for qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act.
In July 2020, the Company amended the provisions of the PPP Loan. The amendment modifies the original payment deferment period from six months to the date that the United States Small Business Administration (“SBA") remits the Company’s loan forgiveness to PMB or if no forgiveness is requested to ten months after the end of the 24-week measurement period. The amendment also increased the amount of non-payroll costs eligible for loan forgiveness from 25% to 40%. During 2020, the Company requested forgiveness in accordance with the application requirements. As of the date of this filing, the Company has not received a reply to its request, and there can be no assurance that the PPP Loan will be forgiven.
On May 22, 2020, the Company executed the standard loan documents required for securing a loan (the “EIDL Loan”) from the SBA under its Economic Injury Disaster Loan assistance program in light of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business. The principal amount of the EIDL Loan is $150,000, with proceeds to be used for working capital purposes. Interest on the EIDL Loan accrues at the rate of 3.75%, per annum and installment payments, including principal and interest, are due monthly beginning in July 2021 and are payable through July 2050.
Western Alliance Warrants
On March 6, 2018, the Company issued to Western Alliance warrants (the “Original Western Alliance Warrants”) to purchase up to the number of shares of common stock equal to $120,000 divided by the applicable exercise price at the time such warrants are exercised. The Original Western Alliance Warrants are fully vested and exercisable. The Original Western Alliance Warrants may be exercised with a cash payment from Western Alliance, or, in lieu of a cash payment, Western Alliance may convert the warrants into a number of shares, in whole or in part. The initial exercise price of the warrants was $2.35 per share. On September 27, 2018, the Company entered into the Second Modification Agreement to amend the Original Business Financing Agreement. In connection with
the Second Modification Agreement, the Original Western Alliance Warrants were terminated, and the Company issued new warrants (the “Western Alliance Warrants”) to purchase up to the number of shares of common stock equal to $120,000 divided by the exercise price of $2.13, which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on September 27, 2018. The Western Alliance Warrants are immediately exercisable and expire on September 27, 2028. These warrants contain down-round features that require the Company to adjust the exercise price proportionately should the Company issue shares at a price per share less than the exercise price. The sale of common stock in the second quarter of 2020 triggered an adjustment to the exercise price to approximately $0.60 per share. The impact of the adjustment to the exercise price was not material.
In connection with the Credit Agreement, on November 9, 2018, the Company issued to SWK warrants (the “SWK Warrants”) to purchase up to 372,023 shares of BIOLASE common stock. The SWK Warrants were immediately exercisable and expire on November 9, 2026. The exercise price of the SWK Warrants is $1.34, which was the average closing price of BIOLASE common stock for the ten trading days immediately preceding November 9, 2018. These warrants contain down-round features that require the Company to adjust the exercise price proportionately should the Company issue shares at a price per share less than the exercise price. The fair value of the SWK Warrants was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions: expected term of 8 years; volatility of 81.79%; annual dividend per share of $0.00; and risk-free interest rate of 3.13%; and resulted in an estimated fair value of $0.4 million.
In November 2019, these warrants were consolidated and the exercise price was adjusted to $1.00, and in March 2020, the exercise price was adjusted a second time to $0.49. The impact of both reprice events was de minimis to the consolidated financial statements. In connection with the Fifth Amendment, the Company entered into a Third Amendment to the SWK Warrant Agreement. Under this amendment, the Company granted to SWK 63,779 additional common stock warrants at an exercise price of approximately $0.39198. All other terms and conditions to the additional warrants were the same as those previously granted. The Company also revised the exercise price of the 487,198 common stock warrants held by SWK to $0.39198. The Company measured the fair value of the 63,779 warrants granted using the Black-Scholes. The fair value of the additional warrants and the aggregate impact of the exercise price adjustments in previous amendments to the Warrant Agreement were less than $0.1 million and not material to the consolidated financial statements. Due to the repricing that occurred in the second quarter of 2020, the down round features of these warrants was not triggered by the Company’s June 2020 sale of common stock.
In connection with the SWK Loan, the Company paid a finder’s fee to Deal Partners Group of $0.4 million cash and issued warrants to purchase up to 279,851 shares of common stock (the “DPG Warrants”). The DPG Warrants were issued on November 14, 2018, were exercisable immediately, and expire on November 9, 2026. The exercise price of the DPG Warrants is $1.34 which was the average closing price of the Company’s common stock for the ten trading days immediately preceding November 9, 2018. These warrants contain down-round features that require the Company to adjust the exercise price proportionately should the Company issue shares at a price per share less than the exercise price. The fair value of the DPG Warrants of $0.3 million was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: expected term of 8 years; volatility of 81.79%; annual dividend per share of $0.00; and risk-free interest rate of 3.13%. In November 2019, the exercise price of the DPG Warrants issued on November 9, 2018 was adjusted from $1.34 per share to $0.8767 per share and the exercise price of the DPG Warrants issued on May, 2019 was adjusted from $2.17 per share to $1.4197 per share. The impact of the reprice was de minimis to the unaudited consolidated financial statements. The June 2020 sale of common stock triggered the down round features of these warrants, and in August 2020, the Company adjusted the exercise price of these warrants to $0.62 and $0.38 per share. The impact of this reprice was not material.
The value of both the SWK Warrants and the DPG Warrants was recognized as a discount on the SWK Loan and is being amortized on a straight-line basis which approximates the effective-interest method, over the loan term of five years. Additionally, based on the adoption of ASU 2017-11 in the fourth quarter of 2018, these warrants are classified as equity in the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef