Basis of Presentation
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation||
NOTE 1 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION
BIOLASE, Inc. (“BIOLASE” and, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”) incorporated in Delaware in 1987, is a medical device company that develops, manufactures, markets, and sells laser systems in dentistry and medicine and also markets, sells, and distributes dental imaging equipment, including three-dimensional CAD/CAM intra-oral scanners and digital dentistry software.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Significant estimates in these consolidated financial statements include allowances on accounts receivable, inventory, and deferred taxes, as well as estimates for accrued warranty expenses, goodwill and the ability of goodwill to be realized, revenue deferrals, effects of stock-based compensation and warrants, contingent liabilities, and the provision or benefit for income taxes. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may differ materially from those estimates.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the principal market (or, if none exists, the most advantageous market) for the specific asset or liability at the measurement date (referred to as the “exit price”). The fair value is based on assumptions that market participants would use, including a consideration of non-performance risk. Under the accounting guidance for fair value hierarchy, there are three levels of measurement inputs. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable due to little or no corroborating market data.
The Company’s financial instruments, consisting of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, capital lease obligations, and accrued liabilities, approximate fair value because of the liquid or short-term nature of these items.
The Company completed a rights offering on December 5, 2017 by selling 26,302,703 shares of common stock. Gross proceeds were approximately $12.0 million, and net proceeds, after offering expenses of approximately $0.6 million, were approximately $11.4 million. Certain affiliates of Larry Feinberg and an affiliate of Jack Schuler exercised their basic subscription rights and over-subscription privilege in the rights offering and purchased a total of 10,745,614 shares and 10,964,912 shares of common stock, respectively, on the same terms as all other participants. The Company plans to use the net proceeds from the rights offering for general working capital needs.
Convertible Preferred Stock and Warrant Transactions
2017 Private Placement
On April 18, 2017, the Company completed a private placement with several institutional and individual investors, and certain of its directors and officers, under which the Company sold an aggregate of 80,644 shares of BIOLASE Series D Participating Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Preferred Stock”), and warrants (the “2017 Warrants”) to purchase up to an aggregate of 3,925,871 unregistered shares of BIOLASE common stock at an exercise price of $1.80 per share, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. Each share of Preferred Stock converted automatically into 100 shares of BIOLASE common stock upon receipt of stockholder approval on June 30, 2017, reflecting a conversion price equal to $1.24 per share, which was the closing price of BIOLASE common stock quoted on the NASDAQ Capital Market on April 10, 2017. On June 30, 2017, BIOLASE’s stockholders also approved the issuance of BIOLASE common stock related to the exercise of the 2017 Warrants by certain holders whose 2017 Warrants were subject to a beneficial ownership limitation.
The 2017 Warrants became exercisable on October 18, 2017 and expire on April 18, 2022, or, if earlier, five business days after the Company delivers notice that the closing price per share of BIOLASE common stock exceeded the exercise price of $1.80 per share for 30 consecutive trading days during the exercise period. Gross proceeds from the sale were approximately $10.5 million, and net proceeds, after offering expenses of approximately $0.3 million, were approximately $10.2 million. The Company used the proceeds from the private placement for working capital and general corporate purposes. In connection with the registration rights granted to these investors, the Company filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-3, which was declared effective on August 24, 2017.
In accordance with applicable accounting standards, the $10.5 million gross proceeds from the private placement described above were allocated to the Preferred Stock and the 2017 Warrants in the amount of $8.2 million and $2.3 million, respectively. The allocation was based on the relative fair values of the underlying BIOLASE common stock and the 2017 Warrants as of the commitment date, with the fair value of the 2017 Warrants determined using a Black Scholes model. Assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model include an expected term of five years, a risk-free rate of 1.90% and a dividend yield of 0%. This transaction resulted in a discount from allocation of proceeds to separable instruments of $2.0 million and a beneficial conversion to BIOLASE common stock with a value of $2.0 million, which have been reflected as a deemed distribution to preferred shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2017.
2016 Private Placement
On August 8, 2016, the Company completed a private placement with several institutional and individual investors, and certain of its directors and officers, under which the Company sold an aggregate of 88,494 shares of BIOLASE Series C Participating Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series C Preferred Stock”) and warrants (“2016 Warrants”) to purchase up to an aggregate of 2,035,398 unregistered shares of BIOLASE common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share. Each share of Series C Preferred Stock converted automatically into 100 shares of BIOLASE common stock, upon receipt of stockholder approval on September 30, 2016, reflecting a conversion price equal to $1.13 per share, which was the closing price of BIOLASE common stock quoted on the NASDAQ Capital Market on July 29, 2016. On September 30, 2016, BIOLASE’s stockholders also approved the issuance of BIOLASE common stock related to the exercise of the 2016 Warrants by certain holders whose 2016 Warrants were subject to a beneficial ownership limitation. Gross proceeds from the sale were $10.0 million, and net proceeds, after offering expenses of approximately $0.5 million, were approximately $9.5 million.
The 2016 Warrants became exercisable on February 8, 2017 and expire on August 8, 2021. The Company used the proceeds from the sale for working capital and general corporate purposes. In connection with the registration rights granted to these investors, the Company filed a registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC, which was declared effective on November 3, 2016.
In accordance with applicable accounting standards, the $10.0 million gross proceeds from sale were allocated to the Series C Preferred Stock and the 2016 Warrants in the amount of $8.9 million and $1.1 million, respectively. The allocation was based on the relative fair values of the underlying BIOLASE common stock and the 2016 Warrants as of the commitment date, with the fair value of the 2016 Warrants determined using a Black Scholes model. Assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model include an expected term of five years, risk-free rate of 1.03% and a dividend yield of 0%. This transaction resulted in a discount from allocation of proceeds to separable instruments of $1.1 million and a beneficial conversion to BIOLASE common stock with a value of $1.1 million, which have been reflected as a deemed distribution to preferred shareholders in the year ended December 31, 2016.
Concentration of Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk and Foreign Currency Exchange Rate
Financial instruments which potentially expose the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and trade accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash with established commercial banks. At times, balances may exceed federally insured limits. To minimize the risk associated with trade accounts receivable, management performs ongoing credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and maintains relationships with the Company’s customers that allow management to monitor current changes in business operations so the Company can respond as needed. The Company does not, generally, require customers to provide collateral before it sells them its products. However, the Company has required certain distributors to make prepayments for significant purchases of products.
Substantially all of the Company’s revenue is denominated in U.S. dollars, including sales to international distributors. Only a small portion of its revenue and expenses is denominated in foreign currencies, principally the Euro and Indian Rupee. The Company’s foreign currency expenditures primarily consist of the cost of maintaining offices, consulting services, and employee-related costs. During the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015, the Company did not enter into any hedging contracts. Future fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar may affect the price competitiveness of the Company’s products outside the U.S.
Liquidity and Management’s Plans
The Company has reported recurring losses from operations and has not generated cash from operations for the three years ended December 31, 2017. During the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, the principal sources of liquidity for the Company were its net proceeds from the December 5, 2017, April 18, 2017 and August 8, 2016 sales by the Company of $11.4 million, $10.2 million, and $9.5 million, respectively, of unregistered shares of BIOLASE equity securities. The Company’s recurring losses, level of cash used in operations, potential need for additional capital, and the uncertainties surrounding our ability to raise additional capital, raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.
At December 31, 2017, the Company had approximately $22.7 million in working capital. The Company’s principal sources of liquidity at December 31, 2017 consisted of approximately $11.9 million in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, and $10.1 million of net accounts receivable.
In order for the Company to continue operations beyond the next 12 months and be able to discharge its liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business, the Company must increase sales of its products, control or potentially reduce expenses and establish profitable operations in order to generate cash from operations or obtain additional funds when needed.
Additional capital requirements may depend on many factors, including, among other things, the rate at which the Company’s business grows, demands for working capital, manufacturing capacity, and any acquisitions that the Company may pursue. From time to time, the Company could be required, or may otherwise attempt, to raise capital through either equity or debt offerings. The Company cannot provide assurance that it will be able to successfully enter into any such equity or debt financings in the future or that the required capital would be available on acceptable terms, if at all, or that any such financing activity would not be dilutive to its stockholders.
The entire disclosure for organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef